russian possessive adjective
= Ты любишь свою собаку? D. Заячьему. The second type is formed from the nouns denoting people or animals. Unlike English, Russian uses the same form for a possessive adjective and the corresponding possessive pronoun. This pronoun can be used only if the possessor and the subject are in the same phrase. Possessive pronouns indicate who something belongs to. In the nominative singular, adjectives have the following endings: In this table you will find all the forms of possessive pronouns in the six Russian Cases. Possessive adjectives in English describe a noun and show who or what possesses that noun. A. Заячий (Заячьего). There are. The change of adjectives depending on cases is called declension. For example in the phrase "My book", you would use the 1st person (my) and feminie gender (book is feminine) (Моя).Don't confuse this with the pronouns "his" and "her" (Его and Её). They are: My and mine: мой[moî]– masculine. ), the adjective must be in Accusative too. Своя рубашка ближе к телу. Pay attention! In Russian there is no distinction between possessive pronouns and possessive adjectives. Он свой человек. Russian school Russificate © 2013-2020. Subscribe and get a Russian Tip in your inbox every day! However, the third person possessives are formally invariable and identical to the genitive form of the third person personal pronouns. The Possessive Pronouns. Unlike English, Russian uses the same form for a possessive adjective and the corresponding possessive pronoun. : Он любит свою собаку. мамино, мамины: Mom’s. Just like other adjectives, they are placed before the noun. they also decline. Russian possessive pronouns (my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their) The following pronouns are all direct translations of: my/mine; your/yours; his; her; its; our/ours ; their/theirs; While at first glance it looks like you need to remember 7 tables of 24 forms each (168 total), in reality it’s a lot less. The suffixes... N. Заячий. The possessive adjectives in English are: my: our: your: your: his, her, its: their: This is my house. In Russian, possessive pronouns depend on the gender and number of the subject you are talking about. Possessive adjectives form a class of their own in Russian grammar. мои́[ma-ée]– … (ie the noun owned). Adjectives in the Accusative Case. Russian Possessive Adjectives Мамин, мамина. Notice that they reflect the animacy of the modified nouns and obey the declension rule of animate/inanimate referents in the accusative forms. each personal pronoun has a related possessive pronoun: Russian possessive pronouns are modifiers, they agree in gender, number, and case with the modified noun, and they are also referred to as possessive pronominal adjectives since their behavior in a phrase or sentence is similar to adjectives. The suffixes are: ий, ья, ье, ьи. The pronouns его, её and их are invariable: they never change their form in none of the six cases. Did you know that in the Russian language there is such a grammatical category as possessive adjectives? Words like “My, Your, Our, His, Her” in English. They may replace a person’s name in the sentence, “Ivan’s Book”. The possessive pronouns my, his, her, your, our, and their attribute possession to someone or something. This is one reason why you may see them also referred to as possessive modifiers. They are declined as all the other adjectives, the adjectives of the second type are declined as soft form adjectives. In Russian there is no distinction between possessive pronouns and possessive adjectives.  They can be formed with a variety of suffixes; moreover, with additional suffixes, it is possible to create entirely new possessive-relational adjectives, which cross categorical boundaries. Possessive pronouns in Russian agree with the noun in gender, number and case. This lesson shows typical endings for singular and plural adjectives. Possessive adjectives replace the use of the genitive case for nouns denoting people, animals and names of professions.… All rights reserved. The tables below present the complete declensions of Russian possessive pronouns. There are 2 types of possessive adjectives: Серёжин, Серёжина, Серёжино, Серёжины: Sergey’s. Declension of Adjectives. No reproduction is allowed without written permission of the author. Remember! These are your sisters. G. Заячьего. In the Russian language, the possessive pronouns include words мой (my), твой (familiar your), наш (our), ваш (polite your), свой.The possessive pronouns indicate that things belong to somebody or something else. моя́[ma-yá]– feminine. Subscribe and get a Russian Tip in your inbox every day! Final consonants of the stem change in this group: к, ц, т — ч, х — ш, д,г — ж. Заяц: заячий, заячья, заячье, заячьи: Of the hair, Казак: казачий, казачья, казачье, казачьи: Cossak’s, Лиса: лисий, лисья, лисье, лисьи. It may be used with nouns in nominative in the construction with Russian preposition у meaning to have, such as У меня есть I have, where it stands for "one's own and not somebody else's", and also in several Russian proverbs and idiomatic expressions. Please note that the genders indicated in the following tables refer to the gender of the noun that these pronouns modify. In Russian grammar they are called possessive pronouns притяжательные местоимения (compare with possessive adjectives like Peter's = петин above). A possessive pronoun is a pronoun that shows ownership. declension rule of animate/inanimate referents. I. Зачьим. Do you love your dog? The reflexive possessive pronoun rarely modifies nouns in the nominative form. Possessive adjectives and pronouns. Practice everyday Russian with native professional teachers for only 6 euros for a 20-minute lesson! In Russian grammar they are called possessive pronouns притяжательные местоимения (compare with possessive adjectives like Peter's = петин above). - It … - He is our kind of guy. Learn Russian online with native Russian teachers. The first type is formed from proper names and the nouns denoting people. The first pronoun in a pair is in the Nominative case, the second one is in the Genitive case. Possessive Pronouns. Russian possessive pronouns are modifiers, they agree in gender, number, and case with the modified noun, and they are also referred to as possessive pronominal adjectives since their behavior in a phrase or sentence is similar to adjectives. As mentioned above, Russian possessive pronouns agree in case with nouns, i.e. In Russian, these pronouns reflect all three persons, i.e. The first and second person singular and plural possessives, however, use a separate form for each gender and number. You find many double forms in each possessive pronouns. T They can be formed with a variety of suffixes; moreover, with additional suffixes, it is possible to create entirely new possessive-relational adjectives, which cross categorical boundaries. = Мы любим свою собаку. Possessive adjectives and pronouns . The second type is formed from the nouns denoting people or animals. The pronouns in the 3d person (he, she, it, them) do not change.
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