longleaf pine facts
This controlled burn at the Talisheek Preserve in Southeast Louisiana was set with drip torches by The Nature Conservancy’s Louisiana burn crew. Longleaf pine (P. palustris) is the most-notable yellow pine of the southern United States; it abounds on sandy soils from the Carolinas and Florida westward to Louisiana and Texas. The longleaf pine ecosystem is a climax temperate coniferous forest habitat found within the southeastern United States; it includes many rare plant and animal species, and is one of the most biodiverse in North America. Longleaf pine itself is not rare, but the healthy longleaf pine community is. The tree produces white buds, one way to distinguish this pine from others. Today, less than 5% of the historic range remains intact. TNC has planted over 60,000 seedlings at Red Creek. Do you know the connection between protecting Georgia's landscapes and national defense? The fire moves quickly through the grasses, and the trees are all the better for it. One such tool is a conservation easement, a legal agreement with the landowner that limits certain land uses and protects the property’s natural value. Throughout the southeastern United States, TNC’s longleaf pine management relies on controlled burns to replace the natural fires that longleaf pine communities rely on. Charitable Solicitation Disclosures Explore how we've evolved to tackle some of the world's greatest challenges. It connects 125,000 acres of protected lands that span both sides of the Savannah River. Explore the latest thinking from our experts on some of the most significant challenges we face today, including climate change, food and water security, and city growth. Once…. It’s beyond the power of a single organization to tackle a restoration challenge of this scale, which is why TNC has partnered with the government agencies, nonprofit organizations like the Longleaf Alliance and communities to magnify our collective impact on longleaf conservation and restoration. As urban development expands across the south, there is more pressure than ever to protect and restore longleaf. Younger longleafs, still in their grass stage, shield their precious buds from the heat with their long, tightly packed needles. Everything greened up after the burn, and wildlife is moving back in.”. Here, the restoration process begins began with thinning the existing stand of loblolly pine and replanting those areas with longleaf seedlings. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. …the United States are the longleaf pine (P. palustris) and the slash pine (P. caribaea). The Nature Conservancy’s long-standing partnership with the Department of Defense began with longleaf pine conservation at Fort Bragg in North Carolina, in an effort to protect the then-endangered red-cockaded woodpecker. Degradation of the ecosystem is partially due to excessive timber harvesting, urbanization, and fire exclusion. Gopher tortoises are safe in their burrows. Every acre we protect, every river mile restored, every species brought back from the brink, begins with you. Longleaf pine is an evergreen conifer that got its common name for having the longest leaves of the eastern pine species. To restore longleaf pine forests, fire itself is the greatest restoration tool we have. “One of the best ways to keep water clean is to protect the land that surrounds it,” says Eric Krueger, lead freshwater scientist for TNC in South Carolina. All of TNC’s longleaf restoration contributes to the America’s Longleaf Restoration Initiative, a coordinated effort across nine states by federal and state agencies, nongovernment organizations, universities, private industry, and private landowners. A great diversity of plant and animal species made up these longleaf pine forests across its historic range, but two features were ubiquitous—the presence of longleaf pine itself and the regular occurrence of low-intensity fire. Longleaf pine was once the dominant plant community of the south, covering 90 million acres from Virginia to east Texas, through all of the states in TNC’s Southern U.S. Division. “You can see out across the Pascagoula River Valley from some of these hills, vistas you never would have seen before. Dozens of swallow-tailed kites, with their distinctive forked tails, have been swooping in on the burns, flying low and plucking insects straight from the smoke.